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The bacteria in your mouth can pose a significant threat to your oral health if you fail to practice good oral hygiene habits. This can be especially troublesome if you are lax with flossing your teeth each day to remove food particles and plaque from between your teeth and along the gumline. This can allow hardened tartar to form near the gumline, promoting gum disease problems.

Gum disease, sometimes referred to as periodontal disease, is an inflammation or infection of the gum tissues. The American Dental Association states that it afflicts an estimated 47 percent of adults over the age of 30. It is primarily caused by hardened tartar formation at the gumline. However, certain lifestyle habits, like tobacco use and certain medical conditions, can serve as increased risk factors.

Periodontal disease often starts out as gingivitis. Common symptoms include bleeding gums during and after brushing and flossing. The gums might also look red or inflamed. Bad breath is also common for gingivitis sufferers.

With early diagnosis, gingivitis can be remediated by a thorough dental cleaning at Stephen Kwitnicki, DDS.

It’s important to treat gingivitis before it can develop into the most dangerous form of gum disease, which is known as periodontitis.

This serious infection in the gum tissues can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This allows pockets of infection to form deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even cause a loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth.

The systemic inflammation that can accompany severe gum disease can also impact your immune system. Recent research has found that this can be related to other medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. You should note that while periodontal disease can’t cause these conditions, it does seem to have some level of impact or it can limit your treatment options.

If you live in the Union, New Jersey, area and you are concerned about periodontal disease, you should call 908-516-2906 to schedule a checkup with Dr. Stephen Kwitnicki.